Russia, Ukraine, Belarus have highest rates of newly diagnosed HIV in Europe

01 December, 2018, 11:12 | Author: Stuart Potter
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This is equivalent to 20 people per 100,000, a rise the 18.2 new diagnoses per 100,000 people in 2016, according to a joint report from the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). "It is important for our public health services to support easy and affordable access to testing and medical care for vulnerable groups at risk of HIV infection".

"The significance in this report is that we can see a sharp difference between Eastern Europe and the European Union where the number of HIV infection numbers is dropping". Life expectancy can be near-normal if diagnosed early and treated promptly.

"The campaign, which will be published on posters, leaflets and videos, is structured in four themes: "screening for infection, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post exposure prophylaxis and" undetectable = nontransferable", with each a real character who recounts his experience and who explains the importance of each of the themes chosen.

"Late HIV diagnosis remains a challenge in the Region", the report points out, adding that "the increase in new diagnoses in the East of the Region continued, with 2017 continuing the trend of recent years in becoming the year with the highest number and rate ever recorded.". While efforts to prevent new HIV infections are gradually showing signs of progress, we are not on course to meet the 90-90-90 targets by the 2020 deadline.

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'My call to governments, ministers of health and decision-makers is bold: scale up your response now, ' Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Europe director, said. Some 37 million people worldwide are infected with HIV. "This means investing wisely in prevention, testing and treatment particularly in key populations to end the AIDS epidemic as we promised".

The PHE estimates suggest the United Kingdom hit the target a year ago, with levels of 92%, 98% and 97% respectively. In the central part of the Region, the increase was 121% compared with 142% respectively. Thirty-one (41%) new HIV diagnoses were made at a late stage. Data need to be carefully considered as they depend on the transmission mode reported by the individuals. This is mainly in areas where high risk group people live and also in areas where some people involve in high risk behaviour by visiting commercial sex workers. This translates into a decline from a rate of 6.9 per 100 000 population in 2008, to 6.2 per 100 000 in 2017.

During 2017, of the 84 new cases diagnosed in Northern Ireland, 45 (54%) occurred through MSM transmission, while 26 (31%) occurred through heterosexual transmission. Positive not only that the increase in case numbers in 2017 was as strong as in the previous year, according to the Report.

Consequently, the report emphasizes that new infections would have to decline by 78 percent by 2020 in order to meet specific World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS objectives.

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