Autism 101: What We Know Today (INFOGRAPHIC)

Autistic Disorder is getting more and more attention. This neurodevelopmental disorder has a strong genetic component and its rate is growing very fast each year. With a 1 in 50 children estimates rate in 2013, it is known to grow an annual rate of 10% to 17% and no cure has been found to this day. But do we really know what the disease is about? Most of us don’t.

First observed in the early 1940s by two doctors, Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger, they used the word autism, which comes from the Greek word meaning “self “, to describe children who seemed trapped in their own solitary worlds.

Autism is a disorder belonging to a category of disabilities named Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is a complex category of conditions that impact the brain development and affect a person’s social interactions, communication skills, interests, and behaviors.

Usually showing up in the first year of life, Autism can impact the person well into adulthood, although many go on to live independent and fulfilling lives. It is diagnosed around 3 or 4 years old.

There are four developmental disorders that belong to ASD:

  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
  • Atypical Autism or Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
  • Asperger Syndrome
  • Autistic Disorder

Several treatments are available which can make a huge difference and early detection is also an important factor to see the best improvement. Support is offered to families and can be extremely beneficial and comforting. Many organizations, like the American Autism Association, the National Autism Association or the Autism Society of America, can provide the support needed as many other services.

There is a lot more to learn about this group of disabilities that is the ASD. That’s why this infographic below is the perfect tool to help you understand it better, learn other facts and also help increase awareness.

Do you know someone who is affected by Autism? Feel free to share your comments below!

Click on infographic to enlarge

Autism 101: What We Know Today
Source:  Guide to Nursing Degrees

Photo credit: Pedro Vera/Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

 

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