Learning to write and read is really hard to do, especially when you have a learning disorder like dyslexia. Also called specific reading disability, it affects 1 in 10 kids and 2.9 million children in the United States. Dyslexia is not a matter of intelligence or visual acuity and is not related to a person’s IQ.
According to the Mayo Clinic,
Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words. Also called specific reading disability, dyslexia is a common learning disability in children.
Recent studies stipulate that genes play a major role in this condition. As time goes by, children affected by dyslexia can develop emotional and social problems such as low self-esteem, behavior problems, anxiety, aggression, depression as well as withdrawal from friends, parents, and teachers.
Dyslexia could be due to the stress, daily frustration and a constant sense of failure they endure in the school environment. Dyslexic students even face the risk of having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (also known as ADHD).
This language-based disorder can go undiagnosed for many years and could be discovered only in adulthood. Dyslexia is caused by a dysfunction of the brain’s area related to language and sounds.
It affects the ability of a person to read and understand the written language. That’s why a dyslexic child often has trouble in school, specifically with writing, spelling, speaking and math.
But there is help available
Although dyslexia isn’t curable, there are some educational techniques that can help these children and, the sooner, the better. Psychological tests will determine which teaching program is suitable for the child.
Some teaching programs require using hearing, vision and also touch to help improve the reading skills of the dyslexic child. Furthermore, a reading specialist can offer tutoring sessions that can be very helpful with:
- Identifying the smallest sounds that form words (called phonemes)
- Realizing that some letters and strings of letters represent these sounds
- Understanding what they are reading
- Reading out loud
- Enriching their vocabulary
Learning even more with an infographic
To learn more about dyslexia, check out the infographic below, created by the team at WE are TEACHERS. In it, you will find lots of information such as:
- Understanding dyslexia
- The numbers
- Warning signs of dyslexia
- 5 myths about dyslexia
- Other learning disabilities to know
- Children with dyslexia can grow to be very successful, just ask…
- Things kids with dyslexia wish everyone knew
If you think your child could be dyslexic, don’t hesitate to contact your child’s pediatrician as soon as possible. Make a list of the symptoms your child is experiencing and also write down all the questions you want to ask your physician. Don’t forget that early intervention can give your child the tools needed to compensate their disability and live the best life they can live.
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Photo credit: Benjamin Miller/Freerange Stock